Impact Assessment

Simply stated, impact assessment is identification of future consequences of a current or proposed action. Environmental impact assessment is currently required by laws in many nations of the world. Environmental impact assessment is an intensely interdisciplinary process that utilizes the biological, physical, and social sciences in analyzing the potential impacts of an action and in devising strategies for minimizing or preventing such impacts. Closely related fields that are also covered in this category include life cycle analysis of products and social impact assessment.